BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Nigeria has witnessed an unprecedented plaque of crisis and insecurity, each leading to loss of lives and destruction of properties. According to Ezeoha (2011) in “Causes and effects of insecurity in Nigeria”, security means stability and continuity of livelihood, predictability of relationships, feeling safe and belonging to a social group. Internal security can be envisaged as the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories. This is done generally by upholding the national law and defending against internal security threats. There can be no development without security. The nonconventional conception of security lays emphasis on human security. Security according to Fayeye (2011) is the maturation of the structures and processes that can engender and guarantee political space and sufficient conditions for the realization of among other things, personal, group or national aspirations. Thus, security means much more than the absence of conflict.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Several Nigerian governments in the past had spent billions of dollars to ensure peace and security in the country, thereby making the defense budgets of the country bigger than other vital sectors. While some of these monies ended in private pockets, the present government in Nigeria currently combating corruption, crime and economic despondency has shown improvement in addressing insecurity issues. However, their best efforts are grossly inadequate. Also, the civil societies, aided by indigenous philanthropists in the country are doing everything they can to ensure peace and stability of the country. However, in terms of peace, Nigeria was scored very low in the 2016 Global Peace Index and rated same with other countries such as Libya, Sudan, Iraq, Yemen, and other war torn countries.
The question here is how can The Nigerian Government show more bravery and increase its capacity to engage in lasting peace building in the age of violent extremism and guerilla warfare? How can they address the challenges incapacitating their activities? How best can they contribute to peace building in Nigeria? How can government use the instrument of good governance to achieve peace and security in the country?
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1) To examine the role of the government in the management of the challenge of security in akwa ibom state
2) To examine the implication of security challenges to National development
3) To examine factors that is influencing insecurities in Nigeria
4) To recommend solutions to insecurity in Akwa ibom state
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
1) What is the role of the government in the management of the challenge of security in akwa ibom state?
2) What is the implication of security challenges to National Development?
3) What are the factors that is influencing insecurities in Nigeria?
4) What are the solutions to insecurity in Akwa ibom state
1.5 HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY
HO: The Nigerian government does not have a significant role to play in the management of security challenges in Akwa Ibom state
H1: The Nigerian government has a significant role to play in the management of security challenges in Akwa Ibom state
Can't find what you are looking for? Hire An Eduproject Writer To Work On Your Topic or Call 0704-692-9508.
Proceed to Hire a Writer »