The study of superconductors, it concept and the various theories are still a mystery in the field of Solid State Physics. Although a few theories tries to explain the working principle (i.e. how and why it works) of super-conductors scientists believed that a full acknowledgment of its energy gap; is dependence on temperature and pressure and the effect of doping may finally unlock the door to a vast acknowledge of superconductivity.
This project work brings all in one piece, the various principle and theories as derived by some renowned scientist working to ensure full understanding in this area of physics. It is believed that High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) i.e. superconductors with considerable high critical temperature hold the key to the practical application of super conductors.