A company can be described as a legal entity or a body corporate, having perpetual succession and also a common seal, as well as the ability to sue and be sued in its own corporate name. Suffice to state, also that the company upon its incorporation can acquire property in its corporation name. This corporate personality, gives the company the status of a person; albeit artificial, having all the qualities of a normal human being.
It should be noted, that a company is by virtue of the celebrated case of Salomon V. Salomon & Co. (1897) A.C. 22, an entity separate from its members having the capacity to own assets, properties, liabilities, right and obligations incidental to the activities of the company done, giving it responsibilities for all its acts and not its members and/or officers.
The effect of this, is that the members or officers of the company are not in any way under any form of liability for acts done in course of discharging their duties but the company (a legal person) bears all such liability; even though its activities are carried out by human beings whose acts are of paramount importance to the company.
At this juncture, it would not be out of place to state with particular reference to this project work that the acts of directors as officers of the company are also accruable to the company. Be that as it may; the meaning and nature of a director is without a universally acceptable definition, neither could it lend itself an easy definition and a much easier understanding. However, directors can be defined as managers of the company. They are not employed by the company and as such cannot be said to be employees of the company, servants or members there to but they can be seen as officers of the company, for the purpose inter alia of making the company vicariously liable for their acts and omissions while engaged in the business of the company.
In essence, this project work has as its sole aim; the consideration of the liabilities of a company for the acts of its agents, with particular reference and emphasis on the director of a company and it shall also consider, the position of the law, as it relates to the above issue of liability of a director with reference to a company.
The need to keep pace with the realities of commerce and industry and comply with the stipulations of the law may result in the carrying out of commercial activities or business ventures by more than one person. This, when done in the main with a view to profitability, which naturally results from the pulling together of resources; money or moneyâ€Ÿs worth by investors, the creation of an entity, a vehicle called the company is underscored.
Although one person can profitably carry on business alone, it is however not guaranteed that the business would long continue especially if he becomes incapacitated or dies1. The threat to the continuity of even the most viable business in an economy as a result of death, inability to raise necessary funds, incapacity of mind or other frailties of the sole proprietor recommend the incorporation of a company which ensures ownership and participation in the management of the business by more than one person for mention.
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