1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Collaboration can be said to be an act of two or more persons working together to achieve a common objective or purpose. Collaborative Farm market can be said to be a farming business that results from the actions of two or more persons or organizations working together to achieve a higher degree of profitability of farm products than they would individually. Marketing farm products including promoting, selling and efficient distribution can add profit to farmers’ businesses. Farmers with marketing skills have more opportunity to achieve a premium price. Thus collaborative marketing is a key skill in a farm business. However, many farmers neither enjoy it nor interested at it. One way to overcome this is to effectively encourage participation in collaborative marketing. Most farmers produce small quantities for sale only to discover that the local trader is only prepared to pay low prices for their goods as compared to wholesale market. As individual farmers they have little bargaining power with traders and most often accept almost any price offered to them, this has affected their morale and motivation. Large-scale farmers do not suffer from these problems. They can produce large quantities of each crop of a consistent quality standard. For this reason they have no difficulty in attracting buyers and receive the standard market price for their output. The only way that small-scale farmers can compete with these large farms is to cooperate with each other to form an association or farmers marketing group. For instance if farmers are able to offer for sale their combined output and take steps to ensure that it is of a standard quality, they will be able to market their goods as successfully as the large-scale farmers (Robbins, et al., 2004).
Collaborative marketing is that where a number of growers work together to sell their combined crops which may require additional storage, processing or packaging and the costs are shared by the group. It has the benefits of spreading costs over a larger crop volume, creating a larger presence in the marketplace, and focusing marketing and selling efforts (TIA, 2014). Collaborative marketing plays a vital role in farming throughout the world. In most countries, farmers have found that they can increase their income and efficiency by joining with other farmers to market their goods, purchase their inputs and co-ordinate their farming techniques. This therefore has led to the establishment of such schemes in Nigeria in other to protect small farmers and ensure that farmers get the actual price for their produce.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The lack of collaboration among farmers in Nigeria is thus is a major problem currently facing the agricultural industry and especially small scale farmers. The absence of interoperability and agreed collaboration between farmers has also hampered the adaptation of useful technologies available outside the agricultural sector. Presently, however, very few studies have dealt with identifying who is responsible for managing collaborative farm management systems, for example, in a specific country (Just et al. 2003). Farm management research has been focused more on describing individual farmers‟ decision making processes and outcomes rather than on the overall business Support role of IT in reducing: - Transaction costs - Transaction Risks Reproduce and ensure that farmers get the standard price for their produce. The Nigerian government has previous tried to play a major role in this regard but what they have tried to do towards ensuring this has not proven to be enough as farmers’ especially small scale farmers have found it difficlut transporting, selling and maintaining the right price in selling their farm produce. This has contributed to lack of motivation for the farmers and thus has discouraged them from constant farming; it has equally created unemployment as most unemployed youths do not find farming attractive as a result thus negatively affecting the economy.
1.3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The major aims of the study are as follows;
1. To assess the functionality of the collaborative farm market management scheme in Kebbi state
2. To examine the need for collaborative farm market management in Kebbi state.
3. To examine the impact of collaborative farm market management scheme on the economy of kebbi state.
4. To assess the challenges of the collaborative farm market management scheme in Kebbi state.
5. To recommend ways of improving the collaborative farm market management scheme in Kebbi state.
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. How functional is the collaborative farm market management scheme in Kebbi state?
2. What is the need for collaborative farm market management in Kebbi state?
3. What is the impact of collaborative farm market management scheme on the economy of kebbi state?
4. What are the challenges of the collaborative farm market management scheme in Kebbi state?
5. What are the ways of improving the collaborative farm market management scheme in Kebbi state?
1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: There is no impact of collaborative farm market management scheme on the economy of kebbi state.
H1: There is a significant impact of collaborative farm market management scheme on the economy of kebbi state.
1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study would greatly benefit the agricultural sector of kebbi state as it wuld highlight the benefits of the collaborative farm market management scheme on the circular economy of kebbi state. This would also be of immense importance to students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing further studies on the subject matter.
1.7. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study is on collaborative farm market management scheme for circular economy in Kebbi state, Nigeria.
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.