CHAPTER ONE1.0. INTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDYIt takes little analysis to see that infrastructure plays a major role in the economy ofa country, whether developing or developed. The need for good infrastructuremanagement is of great importance to the economics of countries all over theworld and the various sectors of the economy need to be understood. The world isfast becoming a global village and a necessary tool for this process iscommunication of which telecommunication is a key elements. Development in thetelecommunication industry all over the world is very rapid as one innovationreplaces another in a matter of weeks.Nigeria is part of this race for rapid developments, as the years of economicreversal via mismanagement have had adverse effects ton its rate of growth anddevelopment. The Nigeria telecommunications sector was grossly underdevelopedbefore the sector was deregulated under the military regime in 1992 and placedunder the jurisdiction of the Nigeria Communication Commission (NCC) sincethen, the NCC has issued various licenses to private telephone operators. Theselicenses allow private telephone operators (PTO) to roll out both fixed wirelesstelephone lines and analog mobile phones. The return of democracy in 1990however paved the way for the granting of GSM licenses to three serviceproviders, MTN, ECONET (which is now AIRTEL) and NITEL Plc in 2001 withGLOBACOM joining in 2003. Telecommunication is a major driver of anyeconomy infrastructure which is therefore regarded as a vital instrument inensuring economic development. Attention this work would be focused on thisarea of Endeavour, as it appears to be one of the most neglected areas of economicdevelopment goals in most countries today.
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